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Sexual Health – Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis What is trichomoniasis?  Trichomonas vaginalis is a microscopic organism that causes the disease trichomoniasis, which can be sexually transmitted from person to person. How does someone get trichomoniasis?  Trichomoniasis is transmitted through vaginal sex with an infected person. What are the risk factors for trichomoniasis?  The primary risk factors for trichomoniasis include: Engaging in unsafe sex Having sex with more than one partner Having sex with someone who has multiple sex partners How can you protect yourself from getting trichomoniasis? The chance of becoming infected with trichomoniasis can be reduced by avoiding risky sexual behaviors. To reduce your risk: ...

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Sexual Health – Syphilis

Syphilis What is syphilis?  Syphilis is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It is a complex disease that causes various symptoms at different stages of infection. If left untreated, syphilis can have many serious complications. How does someone get syphilis? Syphilis is transmitted through sexual contact (vaginal, anal, or oral) with an infected person. In particular, the syphilis bacterium is transmitted through direct contact with syphilis sores, which mainly occur in the genital area of both men and women. Because the sores are often painless, people may not know they are infected. What are the risk factors for syphilis? The ...

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Sexual Health – PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) What is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?  PID is an infection of the internal reproductive organs in women, involving the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and surrounding pelvic tissues. These tissues become inflamed, irritated, and swollen. The most common causes of PID are chlamydia and gonorrhea, although other types of bacteria also play a role. PID is one of the leading causes of infertility in women. How does someone get PID?  PID is caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that have been left untreated, most commonly chlamydia and gonorrhea. Other types of bacteria also play a role. What ...

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Sexual Health – Genital Warts

Human Papillomavirus? (Genital Warts) What is human papillomavirus? (Genital Warts)  Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of more than 70 types of viruses that can cause warts or papillomas. Although some types of HPV cause common warts on hands and feet, genital HPVs are sexually transmitted and can cause warts in the genital and anal area of both men and women. Some strains of HPV are associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer. How does someone get human papillomavirus? The virus is passed by direct contact during sex with a wart or skin that is infected with the virus. ...

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Sexual Health – Herpes

Herpes What is herpes?  Herpes is a common, recurrent infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), of which there are two subtypes: HSV-1 and HSV-2. Both HSV-1 and HSV-2 can cause blisters and ulcers on the mouth, face, genitals, or around the anus. Once a person is infected with herpes, he or she remains infected for life. However, the virus often remains “latent” and does not cause symptoms for long periods of time. How does someone get herpes?  Herpes spreads through intimate skin contact with an infected individual. Although the virus can be spread through contact with lesions or ...

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Sexual Health – Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C What is hepatitis C? Hepatitis C is a serious liver disease that is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV is primarily transmitted through contact with infected blood. HCV directly attacks the liver and can lead to liver damage and in some cases death. Hepatitis C was formerly known as non-A non-B hepatitis. How does someone get hepatitis C?  Hepatitis C virus is spread primarily through contact with the blood of infected individuals. It can be transmitted through: Blood transfusion, blood products, or hemodialysis Sharing needles, IV drugs, and drug paraphernalia Occupational exposure to blood of an ...

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Sexual Health – Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B What is hepatitis B? Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease that is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is extremely infectious and can be transmitted sexually or from contact with infected blood or body fluids. Although HBV can infect people of all ages, young adults and adolescents are at greatest risk. HBV directly attacks the liver and can lead to severe illness, liver damage, and in some cases death. Although there is no cure for hepatitis B, there is a safe and effective vaccine that can prevent the disease. How does someone get hepatitis B? ...

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Sexual Health- HIV and AIDS Guide

HIV Infection / AIDS What is HIV infection?  HIV is human immunodeficiency virus, the organism that causes AIDS. HIV is found in the blood and other body fluids (particularly semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk) of persons infected with the virus. A person can be infected with HIV and not know it. It is currently believed that most people infected with HIV will develop AIDS. However, they can be infected with HIV for many years (often more than 10 years) before they develop AIDS. What is AIDS?  AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a condition caused by advanced HIV infection. It ...

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Sexual Health – Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea What is gonorrhea? Gonorrhea is an infection caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Gonorrhea can lead to infection of the urethra, cervix, rectum, and throat. However, many people do not know they have gonorrhea, because although they are infected, they do not have any symptoms. How does someone get gonorrhea?  Gonorrhea is transmitted through sexual contact (vaginal, anal, or oral sex) with an infected person. What are the risk factors for gonorrhea? The primary risk factors for gonorrhea include:       Engaging in unsafe sex      Having sex with more than one partner      Being in a ...

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Sexual Health – Chlamydia

Chlamydia What is chlamydia? Chlamydia trachomatis is a bacterium that can cause an STI. Chlamydia infection is very common among young adults and teenagers. However, many people do not know that they have chlamydia, because although they are infected they may not have any symptoms. About 75% of infected women and half of infected men have no symptoms of chlamydia. How does someone get chlamydia? Chlamydia is transmitted through sexual contact (primarily vaginal or anal) with an infected person. What are the risk factors for chlamydia? The primary risk factors for chlamydia include: Engaging in unsafe sex Having sex with ...

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